|2020-03-13 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
根据能源服务公司贝克休斯公司（Baker Hughes Co.）的数据显示，在截至3月6日的一周中，美国有682座在用石油钻机。
郝芬 译自 能源世界网
US crude output growth to slow, oil prices to slump
US oil production is expected to grow more slowly in 2020 and drop outright in 2021, forecasters said this week after US shale producers cut investment plans further when OPEC and Russia refused to steepen output cuts and prices plunged.
Forecasters and international agencies have warned that demand will grow more slowly due to the global coronavirus outbreak, and the International Energy Agency (IEA) said oil consumption would actually drop in 2020.
The price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia caused oil prices to fall more than 20 per cent this week.
On Monday, the IEA forecast the first decline in annual demand since 2009, saying the virus outbreak led to a massive, 2.5-million-barrel-per-day contraction for the first quarter. The agency cut its 2020 forecast and said demand would contract by 90,000 bpd from 2019.
The sharp downturn in consumption sparked expectations that major oil producers would limit supplies to keep prices afloat and limit fallout from the virus. But Russia refused to support steeper oil output cuts called for by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, and instead both former allies said they would raise production.
On Wednesday, OPEC said it believes demand contracted by roughly 1.8 million bpd in the first quarter.
The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) projected lower oil prices would reduce drilling activity this year, causing US production to decline to 12.7 million bpd in 2021.
"This would be the first year-on-year decline in production since 2016," EIA Administrator Linda Capuano said after the agency released its short-term energy outlook.
On Monday, investment bank Stifel projected the US onshore oil rig count, an indication of future production, will likely drop by around 250 rigs this year. Advisory firm Evercore ISI said that the US rig count will decline more than 25 per cent in 2020.
There were 682 oil rigs active in the United States in the week ended March 6, according to energy services firm Baker Hughes Co .
Stifel projected US production could fall to 11.1 million bpd in 2021 from an expected 12.6 million bpd in 2020.
Major banks also have cut their demand and price forecasts. Goldman Sachs predicted a contraction of 150,000 bpd in global demand, and JBC Energy said coronavirus effects could cut global demand by as much as 500,000 bpd in 2020.
Bank of America reduced its Brent crude price forecast to $45 a barrel in 2020 from $54 a barrel.